India is one of the biggest country in South Asia. It is the Seventh-Largest country by area and second-largest by population and most populous democracy in the world. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world. India is a federal constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system consisting of 29 states and 7 union territories. Geographically the Himalayan range keeps India apart from the rest of Asia. Home to the Indus Valley Civilization and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history. Four major world religions, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism originated there, while Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam arrived in the first millennium CE and shaped the region’s diverse culture. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west,China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh to the east. The sights, sounds and scenery of India are unique and amazing with extravagant temples, lush paddy fields and stunning beaches. In the north, Shrub-land and desert create a sublime backdrop and a visit to the Golden Triangle ,Delhi-Agra-Jaipur-Delhi will take your breathe away . Habitat ranges from the tropical rainforest of the Andaman Islands, Western Ghats, and North-East India to the coniferous forest of the Himalaya. Between these extremes lie the moist deciduous sal forest of eastern India; the dry deciduous teak forest of central and southern India; and the babul-dominated thorn forest of the central Deccan and western Gangetic plai.
Full country name: Republic of India
Capital city: New Delhi
Area: 3,287,590 sq km (1,229,737 sq mi)
People: 72% Indo-Aryan, 25% Dravidian, 3% other
Language: Hindi, English etc.
Religion: 80% Hindu, 14% Muslim, 2.4% Christian, 2% Sikh, 0.7% Buddhist, 0.5% Jains, 0.4% other